Seconds of pleasure
Popper is the generic name for certain chemicals, usually alkyl nitrites such as isopropyl nitrite, that are administered by inhalation. It is colorless liquid with a strong odor. Amyl nitrite and other alquilnitritos usually inhaled in order to enhance the pleasure.
Poppers are among the substances consumed in clubs since the 1970s. In some countries, the sale of the alquilnitritos is controlled or illegal.
The popper has a long history of use because of the rush of pleasant sensations and dizziness from inhaling fumes. Although there is at least one study indicates that the popper is less harmful to health and society than most other recreational drugs, there is evidence that it can cause serious adverse effects. Continued use can cause neurological damage. There is some evidence to suggest that consumption of popper can override the visión.Si accidentally swallows or aspirates the liquid, rather than inhaling the vapors can cause severe damage.
In the nineteenth century, amyl nitrite is used medically as a vasodilator and hydrocyanic poisoning antidote, although this use is deprecated
Initially it was used as a vasodilator inhaled to relieve angina, the effects are very fast, and its duration is very short.
Inhaling nitrites relaxes smooth muscles. The muscles surrounding blood vessels are smooth and relax cause dilation of these vessels, lowering blood pressure and increasing heart rate, this produces a feeling of warmth and euphoria, which usually lasts a couple of minutes. It is unclear if it has a direct effect on the brain.
They are also smooth-muscle sphincter of the anus and vagina, so it is used during sexual intercourse to facilitate penetration. It also increases arousal and the sensations produced during sex. Although there is evidence that both men and women can experience pleasure by eating popper, the sensation produced is not the same level or is enjoyable for everyone. Also the use of poppers among men can cause erection difficulties, especially at high doses.
Chart appeared in The Lancet comparing the negative effects of popper with other recreational drugs known.
The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy notes that there is little evidence of significant hazards associated with inhalation of alquilnitritos. A study and classification of drugs according to the harm they cause made by British government advisers and based on scientific evidence of damage in both the individual and society puts the popper among the least harmful to both the individual and society in Compared to other recreational drugs. An investigation by the Safety Commission U.S. Consumer Product respect to packaging standards 1983 stated that "there is no data available to indicate a risk of personal injury or illness by the abuse of inhalants in enclosed spaces.
The most common side effects are headaches and dizziness, which are symptoms of methemoglobinemia. It can also cause temporary erection difficulties. In addition there is a risk of burns if spilled on the skin.
More rarely, are associated with prolonged consumption of popper symptoms of asphyxia, arrhythmias, cardiovascular depression, hepatorenal toxicity, neurological dysfunction, irritation of mucous membranes and lungs and facial dermatitis. Chronic use can cause neurological damage. Rarely popper use may cause methemoglobinemia and hemolysis, especially in individuals predisposed to this condition or overdose. If anyone has affected your autonomic nervous system evidenced by frequent syncope or orthostatic hypotension, can cause cardiovascular collapse.
An overdose by ingestion (rather than inhalation) may result in cyanosis, unconsciousness. Methylene blue is the treatment for methemoglobinemia associated with popper consumption. Accidental aspiration of amyl or butyl nitrite can lead to the development of a lipoidal pneumonia.
The popper interacts with other vasodilators, such as those used for high blood pressure (such as nifedipine, amlodipine, felodipine, nicardipine) or erectile dysfunction (such as sildenafil). The combined use of sildenafil popper and can cause adverse effects and increase the risk of suffering a heart attack.
The popper also may increase intraocular pressure, so that it is completely contraindicated for people suffering from glaucoma. We have described a single case of vision loss associated with amyl nitrite when used for angina pecho.Hay evidence to suggest that even occasional use of poppers may affect vision. In October 2010, the ophthalmologist Michel Paques of the Quinze-Vingts Hospital of Paris, described in a letter published in the New England Journal of Medicine four cases in which recreational use caused popper temporary vision changes. The relevance of these isolated cases uncertain.
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